About one hundred of the more than 330 islands and atolls (coral islands) surrounded by a shaft of reefs are permanently inhabited. The surface of the larger islands is formed by extinct and heavily incised volcanic mountains, and some of the atolls are only a few square kilometers, and access to them even by boat is difficult because of the reefs. The two largest islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, make up almost 90% of the country’s territory. The capital Suva is located on the southeast coast of the island of Viti Levu. The islands of Fiji have a tropical oceanic climate, and the winds of the southeast trade wind provide coolness almost all year round. There is abundant rainfall, and in February and March there is a danger of tropical storms.
The Fiji Islands are located in the border area between Melanesia and Polynesia, which has an impact on the local culture. The country’s colonial past continues to influence economic and social structures to this day. The majority of the population is Christian and Hindu, and there are many Muslims. Tourism is a significant item in the country’s economy. To show themselves fully to visitors, for example, they have built an arts village on the Pacific coast, where there are daily performances of authentic local dances, demonstrations of their pottery skills and a walk through a traditional village.
Fabulous shores and green volcanic landscapes under the tropical sun make dreams of paradise a reality. Fiji is also a paradise for water sports enthusiasts. The waters around the islands are in the top five for diving in the world. Here it is transparently clean and warm, and the underwater world – diverse and colorful. Especially on the reefs around the island of Kadavu and the reef on the island of Becca, south of Viti Levu, scuba diving enthusiasts can enjoy labyrinths of underwater caves, vast coral plateaus (near Suva), rising from the depths of rocky peaks such as those of the Beka Reef, as well as some unique coral formations, such as the Great White Wall off Taveuni Island.