Cameroon is called by locals “Africa in one country” or “Little Africa”. It is simply its pulsating heart in Central Africa, a crazy mosaic of active volcanoes, black sand beaches, deep tropical forests and surreal sand landscapes torn by the strange rock formations of the Sahel. The country is a unique miniature of Africa because of its ethnic and cultural splendour, which, like a colorful cloth for sewing the clothes of local women, has covered its entire territory. There are Francophone and English regions in Cameroon, not to mention about 250 local languages. The country is a huge ethnic and linguistic mosaic, which, unlike so many of its neighbours, enjoys great stability. Cameroon is not a classic African country. There are no civil wars and strife here and they have a relatively well-developed industry.
With a fairly well-developed road infrastructure, travelling here is much easier than in many parts of Africa.
– Everyone here must wear something on their heads, makossa music sets the rhythm of hearts and bodies, the streets smell of baked bread, and African bliss is just a piece of grilled fish and sweaty beer.
The beautiful country of Cameroon is located in the Gulf of Guinea, on the west coast of Africa, located between Nigeria in the north and Equatorial Guinea in the south. Cameroon boasts an incredible variety of natural landscapes, which include rainforests, beaches, mountains and savannas. That is why the locals immodestly call their country “Africa in miniature” or “Africa in one country”. Immodest, because in this case modesty remains for those who have nothing else to show. The area was a German protectorate, but after the First World War, it was divided between the British and the French, with the French receiving a larger share. Britain controlled the northernmost strip along the Nigerian border. French Cameroon gained independence in 1960, and especially the Christian southern part of British Cameroon voted to join the Republic of Cameroon the following year.
The northern two-thirds of British Cameroon, mostly Muslims, eventually joined Nigeria. In recent years, Cameroon has performed well economically, and today the country enjoys greater political and social stability than most African countries. However, many people still live in poverty, and the country is ruled by an authoritarian president.